OF THE PRACTICE OF SANDHYA WORSHIP (Page 3 )
Sankalpa for Japa
on a wooden plank or small carpet. The eyes should be half-closed and
the mind should be concentrated on the mantras which are to be uttered
Morning: Sit facing east.
Noon: Sit facing north.
Evening: Sit facing west
vessel of water should be kept in front. First chant :
Vighnopasantaye (as in No.2) Om Bhurbhuvassuvarom
do one pranayamah
Now chant the following, with the palms as in No.4 :
samasta duritaksayadvara sri paramesvara prityartham
Pratah sandhya gayatri mahamantra japam karisye
Madhyahnika gayatrimahamantra japam karisye
Sayam sandhya gayatrimahamantra japam karisye
I start performing the great mantra of gayatri in the morning
(noon/evening) in order to get the grace of God by removing all the sins
incurred by me).
the head with the fingers of the right hand recite :
Pranavasya rishi Brahma
the upper lip, recite :
Devi gayatri chandah
the chest, recite :
touching the head, recite :
Bhuradi sapta vyahritinam
atri bhrigu kutsa vasistha
gautama kasyapa angirasa risayah
the upper lip, recite :
Gayatri ushnik anustup brhati
pankti tristup jagatyah chandamsi
the chest, recite :
Agni vayu arka vagisa
varuna indra visvedeva devatah
do ten pranayamas as in No.3.
For Omkara, Rsi is Brahma; chandas is Devi gayatri,
deity is Paramatman.
For the seven vyahrtis commencing from Bhuh, the rishis
are Atri, Bhrgu, Kutsa, Vasistha, Gautama,
Kasyapa and Angirasa
The chandas are gayatri, usnik, anustup, brhati,
pankti, trstup and jagati.
The deities are Agni, Vayu, Arka, Vagisa, Varuna,
Indra and Visvedevah.
Then do three Pranayamas repeating the mantra (as in section 3)
thrice for each Pranayama - thus chanting the mantra nine times.
Invoking Gayatri devi
the head, recite --
Ayatu ithi anuvakasya vamadeva rishi
Touching the upper lip, recite -- Anustup
Touching the chest, recite --
the following mantras invoke gayatri devi in the heart by means
of the Avahani mudra ( to be learnt from the teacher).
varada devi aksaram brahma sammitam
Gayatri chandasam mata
idam brahma jushasva nah
For the anuvaka ayatu the rishi is Vamadeva, chandas
anustup and deity gayatri May gayatri devi who bestows all
the boons we seek, who is eternal, who is to be known through the Vedas
and who is the Mother of the Vedas, appear here and now and accept this
hymn of Vedic praise.
You are the vital force, the power of the sense organs, you quell
enemies; You are superbly healthy in your limbs; You are the light of
knowledge; You are the famous effulgence of the celestials; You are the
cosmos; You are the life of he world marked by time; You are everything;
You are the life of all; You transcend everything.
Touching the head, recite --
Savitrya rishihi visvamitrah
Touching the upper lip, recite --
Touching the chest, recite --
For the gayatri mantra, the rishi is visvamitra, chandas
nicrdgayatri and the deity Savita.
Stand facing east, the palms joined and
held in front of your face
Noon : Stand or
sit facing east, the joined palms in front of the chest
Evening : Sit facing west, the joined
palms in front of your navel
hands should be covered with the Angavastra. The mantra should be
chanted mentally without movement of the lips. After each of the
following lines you should pause for a second. There will thus be a
total of five pauses. The mind should be concentrated on the meaning of
Tat savitur varenyam
Bhargo devasya dhimahi
Dhiyo yo nah prachodayat
[ Meaning : see No.3 We meditate …. Consciousness ]
This gayatri should be chanted 108 times. If there is not enough time,
chant at least 64 or 28 times. But make up the deficit when you get
Prayer to gayatri to return to Her abode
do pranayama once, sitting down.
Then stand up, facing the same direction as in No.15, join the palms and
sandhya upasthanam karisye
Uttamey sikharey devi
bhumyam parvata murdhani
jnanam gaccha devi yathasukham
Uttamey yatha Sukham
Uttamey yatha sukham
O radiant gayatri bless us on earth who are worshipping Brahman. Please
return joyously to your divine abode on the highest pinnacle of Mount
Worship of the Sun-god
facing the same direction in which the japa is done, join the palms and
salute the Paramatman who is shining in the centre of the rising sun.
charsani dhritah shravo devasya sanasim
Satyam chitrsra vastamam
Satyam chitrsra vastamam
Satyaya havyam ghritavad
Pra sa mitra marto astu
prayasvan. yasta aditya
Siksati vratena. Na hanyate,
na jiyate, tvotho
Nenam agmho asno tyantito na
I meditate on the glory and fame of the all-protecting sun which is
adorable, eternal, bewitching the hearts of all listeners.
The sun guides all, knowing everything. He supports the earth and the
sky. He watches all creation unwinkingly. To Him we offer cooked rice
soaked in ghee for attaining eternal fruits.
O sun who is Mitra, may he who longs to worship You scrupulously get the
full benefit of righteousness.
One protected by you will not suffer from any disease; sin will not
approach him from far or near.
rajasa vartamano nivesayannamrtam
Martyam cha. Hiranyayena
savita rathenadevo yati bhuvana vipasyan
devam vahanti ketavah. Drise visvaya suryam
Chitram devanamudagadanikam chaksurmitrasya
Varunasyagneh. A pra dyava
Pasyema saradassatam jivema saradassatam
Nandama saradassatam, modama
saradassatam, srinavama saradassatam
Saradassatam jyok cha
Ya udaganmahato arnavadvibhrajamanah
Sarirasya madhyat sama
Vipascvin manasa punatu
The Sun riding a golden chariot goes round scrutinizing all the worlds
and shining with self-effulgence and directing by means of His radiance
celestials and humans in their respective tasks. The Sun rises
swallowing darkness, with great splendour, protecting the celestials
also. We who gaze at the Sun shall attain the great radiance of the
For inspecting the worlds the horses of the Sun in the form of His rays
bear Him, the god who knows everything.
Up rises the Sun who is like an eye to Mitrah Varunah and Agnih and who
is of the form of all the celestials. He the Lord of all moving and
unmoving things pervades the heavens, the earth and the middle regions.
May we see and adore for a hundred years that orb of the Sun which rises
in the east and looks after the welfare of the celestials like an eye.
May we live thus for a hundred years. May we rejoice with our kith and
kin for a hundred years. May we live gloriously for a hundred years. May
we speak sweetly for a hundred years. May we live for a hundred years
undefeated by the forces of evil. We desire to enjoy gazing at the Sun
for a hundred years.
May my whole mind be sanctified by the Sun who bestows all our needs,
whose eyes are red, who is omniscient and who rises from amidst the
waters of the ocean illuminating all the quarters.
me varuna srudhi havam. adya cha mridaya
Tvam avas yurachake
Tattva yami brahmana
varuneha bodh. yurusam sa
Ma na ayuh pramosih
Yacchiddhite viso yatha
pradeva varuna vratam
Minimasi dyavi dyavi
Yatkinchedam varuna daivye
Achittiyattava dharma yu yopima
Ma nastasmadenaso deva
divi yadvagha satyamuta
Yanna vidma. Sarva ta
visya sithireva devatha te
Syama varuna priyasah
O Varuna, please fulfil this prayer of mine and make me happy here and
now. I pray for Thy protection.
I seek refuge in Thee uttering the Vedic mantras. The sacrificers seek
Thee with the ingredients of offering.
O famous Varuna, please accept my prayer and don't ignore it. Please do
not shorten my span of life.
O Lord Varuna, Please protect us without punishing us for sins committed
by us in different ways - by omitng to perform daily. Thy worship like
the ignorant folk, by committing frauds on the celestials because of
human ignorance or by infringing the path of righteousness laid down by
O Varuna, please expunge the sin like those arrtibuted to me unjustly by
wicked people like gamblers who go where the good do not go or the sins
committed by me consciously or unconsciously. We must ever remain
beloved of you.
Prostration to all
facing the same direction as in No.17. Turn round to the next direction
after each of the first four mantras. Then stand facing the original
direction for the remaining mantras, palms joined :
namah. Savitryai namah. Gayatryai namah. Sarasvatyai namah
&n"sp; Sarvabhyo devatabhyo namo
namah. Kamo akarsit manyurakarhsit namo namah
Salutations to goddessess Sandhya, Savitri, Gayatri, Sarasvati and all
the deities. The sins I committed were impelled by desire and anger and
not of my own free will. The sins that arose out of ignorance under the
compulsion of desire must all be forgiven. O gods, I bow to you again
Now cover both the ears with the fingers of the two hands and recite the
following, touching the ground at the end with the hands. (The Rishis
etc, vary for each gotrah and are therefore to be learnt from the
teacher; and hence those portions are given in parantheses).
(Vaisvamitra, Aghamarsana, Kausika, traya- ) arseya pravaranvita
(Kaushiks) gotrah, (Apastamba)
sutrah, (Yajuh) sakhadhyayi, sri (Your name)
namaham asmi bhoh
O all-formed Devi, I salute your lotus feet. I am born in the gotrah
which has (Visvamitra, Aghamarsana, Kausika) rsi-triad
as the patriarchs. I follow the (Apastamba) sutra and study (Yajur)
Veda. I am called Sri (Your name).
Prostration to the deities of the directions
facing the same direction as in No.15, Turn round and make obeisance to
the deities of the four directions etc :
dise namah. Daksinayai dise namah
Pratichyai dise namah.
Udichyai dise namah
Urdhvaya namah Adharaya
namah. Brahmane namah
Vishnave namah. Mrityave
Obeisance to the deities of east, south, west, north, above, below,
middle and earth. Obeisance to Brahma, Vishnu and Rudrah
Prostration to the Lord of Death
facing south, palms joined.
mrityave chantakaya cha
kalaya sarvabhuta kshayaya cha
chitraya chitraguptaya vai namah
Chitraguptaya vai nama
om nama iti
to Yamah who controls everything, who is the Lord of dharma,
who is death and who is Time, who disintegrates all beings, who is very
powerful, who is called dadhna, who is black in complexion, who
is worshipped by all, who has an ample stomach, who keeps secrets
marvellously and who is a wonder himself. Obeisance again to Chitragupta.
Prostration to Harihara
satyam param brahma purusham krishna pingalam.
visvarupaya vai namah.
Visvarupaya vai nama om
I bow down before Harihara who is Parabrahman, the ground of
beauty in all visible things, who pervades all bodies, who is the
confluence of the darkness of Vishnu, and the redness of Siva,
who transcends sex, who is three-eyed, and all-formed. Obeisance again
and again to the all-formed.
Prostration to Suryanarayana
savitre jagateka chaksuse,
prasuti, sthiti nasa hetave,
Brahmai vaham asmi
rdhrta sankha chakrah
raksa mam saranagatam
Akasat patitam toyam
yatha gacchati sagaram
om nama iti
as in No.18, chant
Salutations to the sun who functions as the sole eye of the world, who
is the cause of the creation, sustenation, and dissolution of the
worlds, who is of the form of the veda, and who appears as Brahma,
Vishnu and Siva by the manifestation of the three gunas.
We must always meditate on Narayana, who is centred in the solar
orb, who is seated on a lotus in the padmasana pose, who is
decked with bracelet, earrings shaped like Makara fish, with head
adorned by a crown, with a garland of flowers dangling on His breast,
sporting the conch and discuss and whose complexion rivals gold.
May I who have taken refuge in Thee be protected by Thee, who sports the
conch, discuss and mace, whose permanent abode is Dvaraka, who
protects the whole universe and whose eyes rival the lotus.
Just as all the waters that fall from the sky inescapably reach the sea,
all salutations to all the deities reach only Keshava; indeed
they reach only Keshava.
O all-formed… as in No.18 chant.
down, take a little water in the palm and pour it down through the
fingers after reciting the following mantra :
vacha manasendriyair va, buddhyatmana va, prakriteh svabhavat
yadyat, sakalam parasmai, narayanayeti samarpayami
I dedicate to the Supreme person Narayana all that I do by means of the
body, words, mind, the organs of action, the organs of knowledge and by
the impulsion of nature.
the following mantra, sprinkle a little water at the spot where the japa
was performed. Then touch that spot with the ring finger and touch the
forehead between the eyebrows.
no devasavitah prajavat savih saubhagam
deva savitarduritani para suva
O Savita, deign to bestow on us prosperity including many
children. Please remove the cause and the effects of bad dreams. Please
remove all sins; bestow on us what is good for us.
: Swami Mukhyananda